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Matthew Lavallee

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How Black Businesses Helped Save the Civil Rights Movement

Article | Jan 15, 2018

Behind towering figures like Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr. were the taxi dispatchers, pharmacists, grocers, and other small business owners who were instrumental in making civil rights a reality.

Lending a Hand: How Small Black Businesses Supported the Civil Rights Movement

Paper Working paper series | | Jan 2018

A large literature has detailed the seminal roles played in the Civil Rights Movement by activists, new political organizations, churches, and philanthropies. But black-owned businesses also provided a behind-the-scenes foundation for the movement’s success.